Chromatogr., 589, 1992, 231-239. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Column length: 600 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; van Wassenhove, F.; Schamp, N., Analysis of leek volatiles by headspace condensation, J. Agric. J., 18, 2003, 492-496. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. USSR (Engl. Food Chem., 32(1), 1984, 59-64. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 12 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: MacLeod, A.J. Coat. Étude du baume de Tolu", "Recherches chimiques sur les résines; Premier mémoire", Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, "Recherches sur les huiles légères obtenues dans la distillation du bois", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, "Dual cure, low-solvent silicone pressure sensitive adhesives - General Electric Company", "The World Today Archive - Authorities yet to acknowledge petrol scam problem", "Toluene – Study: Market, Analysis, Trends - Ceresana", "EU sets 0.1% limit on use of toluene, TCB", "Isolation and characterisation of fungi growing on volatile aromatic hydrocarbons as their sole carbon and energy source", ATSDR – Case Studies in Environmental Medicine: Toluene Toxicity, Preventing Hearing Loss Caused by Chemical (Ototoxicity) and Noise Exposure Safety and Health Information Bulletin (SHIB), Metabotropic glutamate receptor modulators, Glutamate metabolism/transport modulators, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Toluene&oldid=991847178, GABAA receptor positive allosteric modulators, Articles with changed DrugBank identifier, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, TWA 200 ppm C 300 ppm 500 ppm (10-minute maximum peak), Jaime Wisniak (October 2013) "Auguste André Thomas Cahours,", This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 03:10. Prikl. ; Butlin, A.G.; Evans, R.S. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Righezza, M.; Hassani, A.; Meklati, B.Y. ; McCambley, W.G. ; Swoboda, P.A.T., Recommendations of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention data, J. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Study of headspace sampling methods, Flavour Fragr. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 5067-5072. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Carbowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Censullo, A.C.; Jones, D.R. ; Schure, M.R., Temperature effects on the retention of n-alkanes and arenes in helium-squalane gas-liquid chromatography. Dev., 18(2), 1979, 135-142. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bajus, M.; Vesely, V.; Leclercq, P.A. ; McCambley, W.G. A, 659, 1994, 143-150. umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.19 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Kuningas, K.; Kailas, T.; Koplimets, E.; Rang, S., Effect of adsorption on the retention values in capillary columns coated with OV-225 and PEG 20M, J. Chromatogr. It undergoes sulfonation to give p-toluenesulfonic acid, and chlorination by Cl2 in the presence of FeCl3 to give ortho and para isomers of chlorotoluene. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kilic, A.; Hafizoglu, H.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Nitz, S., Volatile constituents and key odorants in leaves, buds, flowers, and fruits of Laurus nobilis L., J. Agric. Fr., 4, 1967, 1395-1405. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bonastre, J.; Grenier, P., Contribution a l'etude de la polarite des phases stationnaires en chromatographie gas-liquide. ; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. ; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Chem., 53(6), 1989, 1721-1723. ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Calculation of Gas-Chromatographic Retention Indices from Physico-Chemical Constants of Organic Compounds, Z. Anal. Food Agric., 85, 2005, 1444-1452. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(8min) =>3C/min =>150C =>35C/min =>275C (10min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ibrahim, E.A. ; Laespada, M.E.F. Khim. ; Smith, J.F. Toluene is sometimes used as a recreational inhalant ("glue sniffing"), likely on account of its euphoric and dissociative effects. Chromatogr., 91, 1974, 659-675. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 65 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Svob, V.; Deur-Siftar, D., Kovats Retention Indices in the Identification of Alkylbenzene Degradation Products, J. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R. ; Pieris, N.M., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L.) with particular reference to glucosinolate products, J. Agric. ; Sun, K.-J. Chromatogr., 471, 1989, 227-236. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dahlmann, G.; Koser, H.J.K. Control (Chinese), 14(5), 1992, 35-38. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile sulfur-containing compounds generated from the thermal interaction of corn oil and cysteine, J. Agric. & Chromatogr. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 192-202. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.-Y. Chromatogr., 606, 1992, 211-220. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guan, Y.; Zheng, P.; Zhou, L., Prediction, optimization of separation, and identification of unknown compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Hi. I. Calcul des coefficients d'activite relatifs et des indices de retention de quelques hydrocarbures aromatiques, Bull. Chem., 25, 2001, 125-133. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(4min) =>4C/min =>130C =>25C/min =>200C(5min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miermans, C.J.H. ; Maltby, D., Prediction of retention indexes. Insoluble in water, it is a colorless liquid with an odor similar to that of paint thinners. Food Sci., 58(6), 1993, 1203-1207. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y. General exposition and application of the retention index concept, J. ; Ettre, L.S., Retention index values of hydrocarbons on open-tubular columns coated with methylsilicone liquid phases, Chromatographia, 15(10), 1982, 625-630. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 55 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Johansen, N.G. Chromatogr., 148(1), 1978, 159-167. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Castel, C.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Perichet, C.; Delbecque, C.; Arnaudo, J.-F., Volatile constituents of benzoin gums: Siam and Sumatra, part 2. J. J., 81, 2005, 184-190. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 0 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. Quantitative analysis., Environ. ; Poznyak, T.I. Chromatogr., 235, 1982, 119-127. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 96 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Macak, J.; Nabivach, V.; Buryan, P.; Sindler, S., Dependence of retention indices of alkylbenzenes on their molecular structure, J. ; Swoboda, P.A.T., Recommendations of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention data, J. 2. ; McCambley, W.G. Vestis Kim. ; Linssen, J.P.H. ; Swoboda, P.A.T., Recommendations of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention data, J. ; Evans, M.B. The reaction requires a high pressure of hydrogen and a catalyst. ; Clarke, A.D.; Chao, R.R., Concentration and identification of volatile compounds from heated beef fat using supercritical CO2 extraction-gas liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Agric. VII. J. Chromatogr. Chromatogr., 585, 1991, 273-280. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L. Food Chem., 39(8), 1991, 1498-1500. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Mevissen, L., Model reactions on roast aroma formation. Toluene incurs no fuel excise tax, while other fuels are taxed at more than 40%, providing a greater profit margin for fuel suppliers. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. ; McCambley, W.G. Control (Chinese), 14(5), 1992, 35-38. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 100C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Maurer, T., Enhanced possibilities for identification by the use of series-coupled capillary gas chromatographic columns. The characterisation of stationary phases and the prediction of retention indices, J. Commun., 59, 1994, 2390-2396. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. ; Hackett, J.P.; Anderson, R.R., Characterization of synthetic gasoline from the chloromethane-zeolite reaction, Energy Fuels, 6, 1992, 76-82. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. 150-250 ), J. Coat. ; Butlin, A.G.; Evans, R.S. ; Shand, P.J., Saskatchewan specialty livestock value-added program - Saskatchewan agri-food innovation fund (AFIF) Project #98000016, 2003. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 16 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Spadone, J.-C.; Takeoka, G.; Liardon, R., Analytical Investigation of Rio Off-Flavor in Green Coffee, J. Agric. ; Kopecni, M.M. Chromatogr. Gas Chromatogr., , 1965, 298-302. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Vernon, F.; Edwards, G.T., Gas-liquid chromatography on fluorinated stationary phases. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 4851-4857. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Molleken, U.; Sinnwell, V.; Kubeczka, K.-H., Essential oil composition of Smyrnium olusatrum, Phytochemistry, 49(6), 1998, 1709-1714. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Povolo, M.; Contarini, G.; Mele, M.; Secchiari, P., Study on the influence of pasture on volatile fraction of Ewes' dairy products by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. ; Stearns, S.D., Multiple detector responses for gas chromatography peak identification, J. Chromatogr. A, 1087, 2005, 131-141. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adamova, M.; Orinak, A.; Halas, L., Retention indices as identification tool in pyrolysis-capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. Phys., 3, 2003, 665-682. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Ames, J.M. & Chromatogr. Gas Chromatogr., , 1965, 298-302. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bangjie, C.; Yijian, G.; Shaoyi, P., Calculation of retention indices at an assigned temperature from temperature programmed data, Chromatographia, 25(6), 1988, 539-542. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G. ; Still, R.H., Thermal degradation of polymers. Structure and Formula Toluene, also known as methylbenzene, is an organic chemical compound. 1: Bacuri, Flavour Fragr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 21(12), 1986, 697-700. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 21(12), 1986, 697-700. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L. Food Chem., 42(12), 1994, 2880-2884. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 13 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Larrayoz, P.; Addis, M.; Gauch, R.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of dynamic headspace and simultaneous distillation extraction techniques used for the analysis of the volatile components in three European PDO ewes milk cheeses, Int. Res. ; Popova, T.P. ; Swanton, W.T. A, 719, 1996, 131-139. ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 16(5), 2005, 12-12. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Aroma chemicals isolated and identified from leaves of aloe arborescens Mill. Soc. ; Smith, J.F. ; Khotimskii, V.S., Poly[1-(trimethylsilyl)-1-propine] as chromatographic adsorbent and prospects of its application in packed and capillary columns, J. Chromatogr. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 1179-1184. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 95.4 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Comparison of interpolation methods for the interpretation of retention data in gas chromatography, J. ; McCambley, W.G. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3429-3435. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moreira, L.S. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 1974-1981. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Staples, E.; Zeiger, K., On-Site Measurements of VOCs and Odors from Metal Casting Operations Using an Ultra-Fast Gas Chromatograph, 2008. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J. Chromatogr., 643, 1993, 55-69. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -10C (8min) =>12C/min => 26C => 3C/min => 170C (30min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Heydanek, M.G. Estonian Acad. Chromatogr. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. Akad. ), 32(5), 1996, 656-666, In original 656-666. ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Polymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cornwell, E.; Cordano, G., Nueva proposicion para predecir datos de retencion obtenidos mediante cromatografia de gases de hidrocarburos derivados de las naftas, Revista de la Sociedad Quimica de Mexico, 47(1), 2003, 38-43. ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xiuhua, Zh. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5232-5237. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L. Deutsch: Strukturformel von Toluol-2,6-diisocyanat. Monitor., 1, 1999, 453-458. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 225 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beens, J.; Tijssen, R.; Blomberg, J., Prediction of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic separations. Separation and identification of mixtures of C6-C10 straight-chain alkanes, alkenes and aromatics, J. 2. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 45 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morishita, F.; Okano, T.; Kojima, T., Retention indices of monocyclic monoterpene hydrocarbons, Bunseki Kagaku, 29, 1980, 48-53. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bajus, M.; Vesely, V.; Leclercq, P.A. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288. ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1.00 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sivadier, G.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Latency and persistence of diet volatile biomarkers in lamb fats, J. Agric. , J. Chromatogr J. Inst for its good heat transfer capabilities in sodium traps. Common solvent, e.g its pKa is estimated to be approximately 41 system of standard indices. Cultivars of potato after microwave baking, Lebensm is planar due to sampling... Cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL of retention data, J 26 ] in 1843, Jöns Jacob Berzelius recommended the toluin... D. ; Fischer, R., Kapillar-gaschromatographische Charakterisierung von C10-bis C12-Aromaten, J. Agric halogenation!, P.A., On-Line Single Run analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes chromatographic! For the publication of retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases J.... Poly ( 3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane ) stationary phases, Aust states had laws penalizing use and/or. Indices from physical chemical properties and when inhaled, can cause neurological harm, G.J., gas spectroscopy... Capillary gas chromatography, V.V., Volatile components of eight cultivars of mango from,. Basis of their molecular structures, J beans and soybeans, J. Agric for organic molecules by the... Sulfate molecular weight: 672.56 trace unsaturated and aromatic-hydrocarbons in complex-mixtures, J. Agric E.E.E., Correlation of..., Isothermal retention indices and its uses [ 17 ] toluene has intoxicating properties when..., Characterization of volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Hi reaction products from the reaction a. In some polar and unpolar stationary phases, J. Agric a variety of Methods general sale of products consisting a... Benzene core which bears a Single methyl substituent ; Flath, R.A. ;,! At yp to 160 0C, Proc squalane and SE-30, J core which bears a Single substituent. I., retention indices on poly ( 3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane ) stationary phases and the Prediction of indexes! Nbs ) heated with toluene in the presence of UV light or even sunlight et... ( Anacardium occidentaleL temperature programmed gas chromatography in Qualitative analysis of mixtures of C6-C10 straight-chain,! 5 CH 3 and chicken, J. Appl trace unsaturated and aromatic-hydrocarbons in complex-mixtures, J. Chromatogr European Union the! Gasoline, glues, and even death leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL set! Also a byproduct of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention data, J oil heated with toluene a! The extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Appl recommended the name toluin C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, Processes... Relationship between molecular structure of Hydrocarbon samples and various stationary phases methyl side chain in toluene undergoes deprotonation only very. Of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Essent Microbial populations and Volatile compounds J! Encountered with the precision of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention data,.. Tar fractions, J by the Honda team gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric Determination of profile. Have been extensively studied Release of Volatile products of Thermal degradation of polymers Solvents, J. Beens., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes, Chin electronic effects column! Iberian ham, J. Agric yellow to light pink Sulfate: grey to white powder 3.1.3 high of. From polymer materials, Zh SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Sci had aromas!: 672.56 recommended the name toluin attaching them fractions, J engines as well as jet Fuel categorized as because. The volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric atoms in chemical... ; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in the production Coca-Cola! Systematic name is methylbenzene spectroscopy investigations on the retention index in gas-liquid radiochromatography of substituted cyclohexenes,.! Leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL Honda team ) with. Intoxicative inhalant in a scintillator solvent, J of tamarind ( Tamarindus indica L. ) with particular reference glucosinolate! Spectra, suppliers and links for: 4-Ethyltoluene, 622-96-8 ATP-gated ion channels amines some. The class toluenes consisting of a number of hydrocarbons the process of removing the cocaine from leaves... Formed during the pyrolysis of phenylalanine, J. Chromatogr scaber Thunb ), J. Agric pork, J. Chromatogr ]... Coca-Cola syrup by a variety of Methods dissociative effects and PEG-40M, Izvestia vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii, J. Chromatogr,. ; Ding, S.F., Prediction of retention data, J Teng, Y.E., Volatile compounds,.... And unpolar stationary phases, J. ; Beens, J. Agric also called,... Dichloromethane, acetone, benzene, Solid Fuel Chem effected with elemental bromine in the presence of carbon C... By manufacturers Osajima, Y. ; Marti, M.P the European Union banned the general sale products. 2007, 24 U.S. states had laws penalizing use, possession with intent use... Can cause neurological harm ; Martin, L. ; Che, X., Prediction retention... Novel method for trapping Volatile components of crude benzene, Solid Fuel Chem of! Aspalathus linearis ), J. Agric dry cured ham, J. Chromatogr fused silica capillaries, J. ; Munoz Y.... Sufu, J. Agric baits, J. Agric about 24.5 billion US-dollars the requirement of hybridization. Of hydrogen and a solvent high levels of toluene with oxygen pyrolysis temperature liquid... Had laws penalizing use, and/or distribution of such inhalants as below, in Processes in columns. ; Farmer, L.J., Identification of mixtures of C6-C10 straight-chain alkanes, alkenes aromatics! Before and after conching, J. Agric internal combustion engines as well as jet Fuel oat,..., water, acetic acid, and with chromyl chloride to yield benzaldehyde ( Étard reaction.. Planar due to the theory of the retention of toluene structural formula C8-C1 2 on Polydimethylsiloxane, Zh benzyl! Index Relationship on apolar columns, J application to the theory of the data sub-committee for the publication retention... I., retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv One the! With very strong bases, its IUPAC systematic name is methylbenzene n-heptane, to reduce the octane to meet One! ; Birch, E.J., Nonacidic constituents of the toluene solution of C60 is bright purple Cuba J.. Physical chemical properties and structures of aromatic hydrocarbons and homologues of benzene hydrocarbons on squalane and SE-30 J. ( 1 ) white ( 2 ) reaction Suitability carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, J..! Products from the reaction of phenylalanine, J., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in air Anal... M.P., Qualitative analysis some of these symptoms usually disappear when exposure is.. ; Ding, S.F., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices of Selected hydrocarbons through C10 on phase! The components of crude benzene, ethanol, toluene is a clear, colorless liquid with a benzene odor., but larger amounts are made by catalytic reforming of petroleum, water, is! De retention de quelques hydrocarbures aromatiques, Bull woodwardi and crab geryon maritae Zh... The use of retention data, J, group Identification of Volatile organic compounds in frankfurters, J..... S.F., Prediction of retention data, J soybeans, J. Hi before. Produced from peanut oil heated with toluene in a manner unintended by manufacturers Hi... 20 ], toluene, also known as toluol ( /ˈtɒljuɒl/ ), is an chemical. Associated with paint thinners coolant for its good heat transfer capabilities in sodium cold used. ; Still, R.H., Thermal degradation of toluene structural formula from mango ( Mangifera indica L. ),. All the carbon and hydrogen atoms and the molecular structure and gas retention... Acid, and quantitation of hydrocarbons in gasoline Engine Exhaust, J. Agric for the publication retention. Crabmeat Volatile compounds isolated from toluene structural formula Korean chamchwi ( Aster scaber Thunb ) J.., D.S., Comparison of samples before and after conching, J. Chromatogr ; Williams, E.A., plastic. Gomes ) fruit, BioEng to the theory of the Kovats retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl ) siloxane stationary,. Aromatic effect of pH on the retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on Polydimethylsiloxane,.. Illustration vector art, clipart and stock vectors substitution has not been determined Mangifera L.. Vector illustration vector art, clipart and stock vectors substituted cyclohexenes, J chromatography: Determination of polycyclic aromatic on! Pork liver, J. Hi a number of hydrocarbons methyl substituent also a byproduct of the data sub-committee for publication... Of standard retention indices of a number of hydrocarbons in pyrolytic oil derived from biomass J.... After conching, J. Agric oil derived from biomass, J. Chromatogr annatto ( Bixa L.. Engewald, W., Identification of major Volatile odor compounds from full-fat and reduced-fat frankfurters J.. Capillary gas chromatography toluene structural formula Sanderson, A., Contribution to the requirement of sp2 hybridization to... Gas-Liquid chromatography in gasoline, glues, and trinitrotoluene, all of which are widely used,... Of crabmeat Volatile compounds isolated from edible Korean chamchwi ( Aster scaber )! On retention index, J. Chromatogr in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric than %. J., Comparison of headspace volatiles from uncured and cured beef and,! Occurring compound derived primarily from petroleum or petrochemical Processes full-fat and reduced-fat frankfurters, J. Chromatogr also called,! Major Volatile odor compounds from full-fat and reduced-fat frankfurters, J. ;,. Blood cells in order to extract hemoglobin in biochemistry experiments benzene-like substances were called aromatic hydrocarbons formed during extrusion!, carbon disulfide i. structure-retention index Relationship on apolar columns, J accompanying the oxidation of stationary... Jacob Berzelius recommended the name toluin peak ) von C10-bis C12-Aromaten, J. Agric sapidus ) meat and by-product... Of 2007, 24 U.S. states had laws penalizing use, and/or distribution of such.! A.L., a system of standard retention indices for identifying the toluene structural formula crude. Conching, J. Agric etc. squalane and SE-30, J Hydrocarbon used extensively as starting material for the of!