C-Value: 10 Found in wet, swampy, marsh and bogs in northern Midwest. Although it is better adapted to heat than other birches, not a highly heat-tolerant tree. The bark peels away year-round and the inner bark varies in hue from light to dark. Native Americans are known to have used this tree in many different medicinal purposes. It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. Common species of birch include white or paper birch (B. papyrifera), river birch (B. nigra), and yellow birch (B. alleghaniensis). ] These scales are slightly separated from the trunk and can shift outward to the side. stream N.C. The species is valued for its relatively rapid growth, tolerance of wetness and some drought, unique curling bark, spreading limbs, and relative resistance to birch borer. Leaf Feel: Rough Leaf Value To Gardener: Showy Deciduous Leaf Fall Color: Gold/Yellow Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Deltoid Ovate Rhomboidal Leaf Margin: Doubly Serrate Hairs Present: Yes Leaf Length: 1-3 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: The leaf of the River Birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow fall color. It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. Silver birch is a vigorously sprouting and light-demanding pioneer species which quickly occupies bare ground. Curly birch (var. Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Although it is not drought tolerant, it still has a high heat tolerance. It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. River birch leaves are alternate, ovate, broad, with a serrated margin and five to twelve pairs of veins. Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, sharply acute, broadly cuneate to nearly truncate, glaucous with 7-9 veins underneath. The river birch is by far the most adaptable birch species for North-South landscapes. The wood is hard and close-grained. The river birch tree (Betula nigra L.) is deciduous and grows to a height of 40 to 70 feet with an almost equal spread. /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] River birches are Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to the climate and are extremely resistant to birch borer. Gray, Paper Birch Trees . The leaf of the River Birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow fall color. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. /Length 67316 'Heritage' river birch is reportedly resistant to bronze birch borer. Read customer reviews and common Questions and Answers for Alcott Hill® Part #: W001667566 on this page. Widest below the middle. As the tree ages, bark divides into flat, scaly ridges. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Leaf, alternate, simple, doubly serrate margins, deltoid shape. If the dealer is reputable and the price is more than $5.00 a board foot it has to be yellow birch or they are swindling you. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. Donald E. Davis Arboretum College of Sciences and Mathematics. River Birch has these characteristics: Fruit is winged; Fruit is a catkin; Leaf edges are saw-toothed; Leaf Arrangement is alternate; Leaves have a convex "V"-shaped base; Leaves have a fairly equal, straight base; Leaves are about 1 1/2-3 times as long as broad; Leaves are not lobed. 9 veins per side or fewer. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. The bark of a young river birch can vary from having a salmon-pink to brown-gray tint and can be described as having loose layers of curling, paper thin scales. River birch trees tolerate the summer heat better than paper birch trees, meaning they are better suited to grow in warmer regions. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3b, 3a, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a. Birches are considered a "pioneer" species and, thus, tend to grow quickly when young. Bud Color - Lustrous, brown-black in color, scales on buds are downy on the edges. The leaves are arranged the same as the birch leaf arrangement. It grows 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide. Attracts birds & butterflies . River Birch prefers wet sites and does best in moist, acidic, sandy, or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Not recommended for the St. Louis climate. Sap can be fermented to make birch beer. Host plant for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. 3) Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: double serrate Leaf shape: ovate; rhomboid Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous Greenish female flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer. 1). Bud Size - Lateral buds are ovate, pointed, and 1/4 inch long. Birds and squirrels eat the male catkins in late winter/early spring. Plants stressed by insects seem more susceptible to cankers. %PDF-1.1 - … ����P��4DC4c Colour. Aphids, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may also occur. The bark of branches and twigs is grayish brown and more smooth, while new shoots are light green and pubescent. >> 'Little King' Form (Stowe Botanical Garden, NC). River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet. Multiple cultivars of Betula nigra are available, including dwarf and heat-tolerant forms. Neoformed leaves remain hairy, especially at the vein axils. Cherry birch is also variously called black birch for its dark, shiny bark, and sweet birch for its wintergreen-smelling twigs. C)���Q$� �v,=��m���Y�QG Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. River birch is widely planted for its appealing, peeling bark and shiny, diamond-shaped leaves. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. "0� �l8G��`.� �H�P�$�C�(#LgAH�g7�S,�m8)������T%A�0TD�D! For this reason, it is naturally found in riverbanks, streambanks, and floodplains. These different landscapes … Betula nigra, or River Birch, is a deciduous, upright, flowering tree with cinnamon brown, exfoliating bark and yellow fall foliage that tends to drop off the tree quickly. such as (a) leaf shape; (b) leaf margins; (c) leaf arrangement; and (d) stem structure Assignment Due Today: ... Betula nigra River birch Betula papyrifera White or paper birch Ostrya virginiana Ironwood, Hophornbeam BIGNONIACEAE - Bignonia Family Catalpa speciosa - Northern catalpa CAPRIFOLIACEAE – Honeysuckle Family Sambucus pubens Red elder CORNACEAE - Dogwood Family Cornus sp. This tree is native to North America. The tree really has alternate (not opposite) leaves. No pests or diseases are of major concern. Young twigs, buds, and foliage browsed by white-tailed deer. But as a landscape tree, it can be planted almost anywhere in the U.S. Tiny monoecious (male and female) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree. 3 0 obj Propagation of 'Heritage' river birch is by softwood cuttings, but the plant is patented. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. The bark peels away year-round in tough, paper-like layers that remain on the tree. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. Rough or S1S paper birch should cost $2.50 to $4.00 a board foot. Aphids and caterpillars infest … Birch leaf miner may also cause significant problems. Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, … Although this gray birch has some susceptibility to aphids, birch skeletonizer and dieback, these problems are usually considered to be somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer and birch leaf miner. The timber is used for plywood and furniture. ��#q>&����5L�/���s�a~�J1��5Z�v�j�?���E�o�V�`oT�]xػ\z��巙���f�+��;MZ�� �G�>ݠ�S���,���+n;ꏆ�C�砮�i 4M$���k^� � | ޷�,��S��C̬@�3� The River Birch has graceful branches, is easy to transplant, is heat tolerant and moderately salt tolerant. Leaves are used as a tea and in herbal medicines, and sap as a stimulating drink in spring. Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. Yellow birch is a march /Gamma [1.8 1.8 1.8] The best foliage color occurs in full sun. The scales on a mature tree lack the loose curling and are closely pressed into thick, irregular plates. River Birch or Betula nigra ; Paper Birch or Betula papyrifera; Japanese Stewartia or Stewartia pseudocamellia; Tall Stewartia or Stewartia monadelpha; Tibetan or Birch Bark Cherry or Prunus serrula; Prunus serrula - photo courtesy of UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research. Saplings of this tree are often among the earliest colonizers of newly logged ground in southern New England. river birch grain. The tree produces a 1 to 1 1/2 inch cone-like aggregate which contains 3 tiny seeds. The flowers occur in clusters called catkins. >> It is used for fuel, inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, artificial limbs, and toys. form a strategic partnership called N.C. /Filter /LZWDecode As a single trunk tree, it develops a pyramidal habit when young, but matures to a more rounded shape. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Also, this species is becoming very popular among estates, parks, college campuses, and golf courses due to its handsome bark character. Pests and Diseases. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - No terminal bud, lateral buds are alternate. Its fall foliage color is yellow. endobj It does not thrive on waterlogged soil. Native geographic location and habitat. Smooth on young trees, salmon to rust-colored, develops papery scales. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Provides winter interest in the landscape. Multi-trunked trees form a more irregular crown and are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for this species. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement and … Living Room Furniture Arrangement Ideas ... and 'Fox Valley' varieties of river birch at your local garden center. 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